Post Covid-19 Conditions: What Are The Treatments?
Apart from symptoms during the period of getting Covid-19, patients have to face with a wide range of sequelae after several weeks or even months recovering from it. If post Covid-19 conditions are not recognized on time, they will have incalculable consequences on your health in the long term.
What are post Covid-19 conditions?
According to World Health Organization (WHO), “Post Covid-19 conditions occur in individuals with a history of probable or confirmed SARS CoV-2 infection, usually 3 months from the onset of Covid-19 with symptoms and that last for at least 2 months and cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis. Common symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, cognitive dysfunction but also others and generally have an impact on everyday functioning. Symptoms may be new onset following initial recovery from an acute Covid-19 episode or persist from the initial illness. Symptoms may also fluctuate or relapse over time.”
Sequelae after Covid-19
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently warned about the long term effects that some people experience after being better from Covid-19. There are some types of post Covid-19 symptoms.
New or Ongoing Symptoms
These following symptoms can appear in anyone who used to get Covid-19, even though you did not have a severe illness:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Tiredness or fatigue
- Symptoms that get worse after physical or mental activities (also known as post-exertional malaise)
- Difficulty thinking or concentrating (sometimes referred to as “brain fog”)
- Chest or stomach pain
- Fast-beating or pounding heart (also known as heart palpitations)
- Joint or muscle pain
- Pins-and-needles feeling
- Sleep problems
- Dizziness on standing (lightheadedness)
- Mood changes
- Change in smell or taste
- Changes in menstrual period cycles
Covid-19 negatively affects not only lung but also involve in other organs such as heart, liver, and kidney and hematological and nervous system, leading to multiorgan failure. Notably, some people, mostly children, have a probability of getting multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) According to CDC, MIS is a rare but serious condition associated with COVID-19 in which different body parts become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs. Its common symptoms can be fever combined with: abdominal pain, red eyes, diarrhea, dizziness (signs of low blood pressure), skin rash, vomiting.
Blood clots and blood vessel problems
COVID-19 can cause blood cells to clump together and form clots. While large clots can cause heart attacks and strokes, microscopic clots that obstruct tiny blood vessels (capillaries) in the heart muscle are thought to be the source of majority of the heart damage caused by COVID-19.
The lungs, legs, liver, and kidneys are among the other organs damaged by blood clots. COVID-19 can also weaken blood vessels and cause them to leak, resulting in possibly long-term liver and renal disorders.
Effects of COVID-19 Illness or Hospitalization
During the recovery phase, hospitalizations and severe illnesses for lung-related diseases can cause extreme weakness and exhaustion. Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which refers to health impacts that begin while a person is in an intensive care unit (ICU) and might last after they return home, is another effect of hospitalization. Severe weakness, problems with thinking and judgment, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTDS) are all possible side effects. PTSD is the result of long-term reactions to a traumatic incident.
Unknown long-term Covid-19 effects
Long-term symptoms after Covid-19 remain one of the issues that requires further research to assess the level of influence of the illness and observe how organs are operating after recovery. Therefore, people who have had Covid-19 should regularly monitor their health to avoid serious health consequences.
Post Covid-19 treatments
Post Covid-19 effects can become incalculable hazards that gradually destroy your health, thereby, it is crucial to focus on them. Here are several preventative and protective measures that help you remain a healthy body after recovering from Covid-19.
General health checkup
When getting Covid-19, the organs in the body are more or less negatively affected. That is why you need to go to a medical facility to have the most general assessment of the extent of the damage of the organs. This will allow you to avoid serious consequences later.
Get nutritious diet
When getting Covid-19, the patients may experience anorexia, indigestion, abdominal obstruction, diarrhea. Therefore, a healthy diet play a key role in improving immune and digestive systems post Covid-19.
The principle of choosing food is: healthy (clean – safe food, preferably organic), tonic, acid-alkaline balance. After illness, it is recommended to pay attention to easy-to-digest eating with average amount. Patients after treatment should use garlic because garlic has strong antiviral properties, has many active ingredients that are beneficial to the body.
Maintain a good mental health
The state of insecurity is due to Covid-19 still exists after recovering from the disease, so it is necessary to reduce stress and think positively. If you let stress last for a long time, it will cause many consequences such as insomnia, hair loss, stomach pain, immunodeficiency
Reducing stress is a difficult process that requires determination, long term. In the short term, patients can return to work as before the disease but need to balance between rest and work, not to stress excessively during work, rest between hours of 5-10 minutes.
Schedule a healthy routine
After recovering from Covid-19, your body needs time to get used to the previous hectic pace of life. If you immediately work with high intensity, it will easily make your body exhausted. You should build a reasonable schedule of living, sleep on time, get enough sleep, and avoid overwork.
Do breathing exercises
Breathing exercises such as abdominal breathing, chest breathing, lip-padded breathing, or physiotherapy practice are considered effective therapies that help improve post-Covid dyspnea. When experiencing symptoms of shortness of breath, you need to stop talking or moving, slowly restore breathing, relax by looking at the picture or scenery, performing breath control exercises.